Uncontrolled drinking and alcohol addiction can lead to devastating mental and physical conditions. Liver disease, depression, and kidney damage can all stem from alcohol abuse. But did you know serious impacts on your brain can occur as well? Wet brain syndrome is a severe condition with dreadful consequences.
Trying to cut back or stop drinking is hard when you become physically and mentally dependent on alcohol. Quitting cold turkey can also be dangerous due to the withdrawal symptoms alcohol abuse can trigger. Northpoint Recovery knows how important it is to build the foundation of a sober future before walking the road to recovery. Our evidence-based alcohol addiction treatment programs can help equip you with the tools you need to succeed in sobriety. Call 425.414.3530 today to get started.
What Is Wet Brain?
Wet brain is the common term for Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome (WKS). It’s a condition often caused by thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency and excessive alcohol consumption. When left untreated, wet brain syndrome can lead to severe complications.
There are two primary types of wet brain syndrome. Wernicke’s encephalopathy (WE) is acute wet brain syndrome. Korsakoff’s syndrome is chronic wet brain syndrome. Korsakoff’s syndrome is often misdiagnosed because the symptoms mimic other conditions, such as dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
Wet Brain Symptoms
Recognizing the symptoms of wet brain syndrome can be difficult since they are typically broad and common across other disorders.
Signs of Wernicke’s Encephalopathy
The most common symptom of WE is ataxia, which is a loss of muscle coordination. This loss can cause problems with balance and make it difficult to walk. Other symptoms of WE include:
- Vision problems
- Paralysis of the nerves that move the eyes
- Loss of muscle coordination
- Problems with speech and understanding
Signs of Korsakoff’s Syndrome
Experts characterize Korsakoff’s syndrome by the amnesia it causes. This form of wet brain syndrome can make it difficult to form new memories. People with Korsakoff’s syndrome may also experience:
- Problems with muscle coordination
Risk Factors for Wet Brain
While there are other factors for wet brain syndrome, one of the most significant causes is uncontrolled alcohol use.
People who abuse alcohol are at a greater risk of developing wet brain. Alcohol abuse is drinking large amounts of alcohol regularly. Binge drinking, which is consuming four or more drinks in two hours for women and five or more drinks in two hours for men, can also lead to wet brain.
Other conditions can also put people at risk of developing wet brain. Other causes include:
- Hepatic encephalopathy – This is a condition that can occur when the liver isn’t functioning properly. It can lead to a vitamin B1 deficiency.
- Anorexia and bulimia nervosa – These disorders can also lead to a vitamin B1 deficiency.
- Cancer – Cancer and cancer treatments can also lead to a vitamin B1 deficiency.
Diagnosing Wet Brain
Wet brain is a serious condition that can be difficult to diagnose. If you or someone you know has been drinking excessively, it’s important to be aware of the symptoms and seek medical help.
A doctor will likely ask about your medical history and alcohol consumption. They may also administer tests, including:
- Thiamine levels – Low thiamine levels can indicate a deficiency.
- Imaging tests – An MRI or CT scan can help rule out other conditions.
- Neuropsychological testing – This can help assess cognitive function.
Treating Wet Brain Syndrome
The first step in treating wet brain is to stop drinking. This step is essential to prevent further damage. If you have trouble quitting, seek professional help.
Treatment for wet brain typically focuses on managing symptoms and replenishing vitamin B1 levels. Treatment may also include:
- Intravenous thiamine – This can help replenish vitamin B1 levels.
- Multivitamins – Taking a daily multivitamin can help prevent a vitamin B1 deficiency.
- B-complex vitamins – These can help improve cognitive function.
- Anticonvulsants – These can help control seizures.
- Antipsychotics – These can help manage psychosis.
Recovering from Wet Brain
Wet brain is a serious condition that can be difficult from which to recover. However, recovery is possible.
Treatment can help improve symptoms and replenish vitamin B1 levels. However, it’s essential to stop drinking to prevent further damage. Recovery is a long process, but it’s possible to heal the brain and live a sober, healthy life with treatment and support.
Alcohol Addiction Treatment at Northpoint Seattle
Working to prevent the long-term effects of alcoholism, like potentially developing wet brain syndrome, starts with sobriety. At Northpoint Seattle, we offer evidence-based treatment programs that work to help you achieve and maintain sobriety.
Don’t wait to take control of your future. Call 425.414.3530 today to get started on the road to recovery.